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Parts of Speech: Nouns


The first real word that a baby uses is usually Mama, Papa, etc. After that, they start learning how to refer to things they want. And, almost all children begin with using single words to indicate what they want.


All those single words that refer to someone or something are Nouns.



Technically, we can define a Noun as follows:


A noun is a word that is used as name of a person, an animal, a thing, an action, a quality, or a place.


Most other parts of our language either describe nouns, tell what a noun is doing, or take the place of a noun.




The names of all things you use on a daily basis are Nouns:


Car, Bus, Rice, Money, Chocolate, Bicycle, Kite, Watch, Water, Milk, Flute, Horn, Tap, Cap, Coat, TV, Photo, Map



The names of animals and birds are Nouns:


Dog, Cat, Lion, Lamb, Cow, Hen, Elephant, Bull, Jackal, Fish, Fox, Squirrel, Ant, Monkey, Parrot, Pigeon



The names of professions are Nouns:


Doctor, Engineer, Architect, Policeman, Postman, Carpenter, Mechanic, Lawyer, Driver, Pilot, Judge, Cook



The names of relations are Nouns:


Grandfather, Uncle, Father, Nephew, Son, Grandmother, Aunt, Mother, Niece, Daughter




How to identify a Noun?


  • If the word is the name of somebody or something, the word is definitely a Noun.

  • If the word falls into the category of one of the various types of Nouns explained in subsequent sections, it is a Noun.

  • If the word is preceded by a Noun Marker, it is clearly an indicator that the word is a Noun.



Nouns are of five kinds as per their characteristics:


  1. Proper Nouns

  2. Common Nouns

  3. Collective Nouns

  4. Abstract Nouns

  5. Material Nouns


Other classifications of Nouns:


Compound Nouns

Nouns as per Number – Singular / Plural Nouns, Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Nouns as per Gender – Masculine, Feminine, Common Gender, Neuter Gender



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