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Important Points to Note About Nouns


Some nouns are used only in the plural form:

Scissors, Glasses/Spectacles, Shorts, Clothes, Shoes Some nouns are used only in the singular form:

Furniture, Advice, Scenery, Aircraft Some nouns appear to be singular but they actually denote plural number:

Cattle, People, Police, Etc. Some nouns appear to be plural but they actually denote singular number:

Physics, Politics, Gymnastics, etc. Material nouns are used only in singular Abstract nouns are used only in singular Collective nouns are usually used in singular:

Flock, Bunch, Army Proper nouns that are names of any particular person, place, or thing are always singular in number:


Rohan, Russia, Mount Everest Most nouns form their plurals by adding an ‘-s’ to them:

Apple – Apples

Lamp – Lamps

Plant – Plants

Desk – Desks The nouns ending in ‘-s’, ‘-sh’, ‘-ss’, ‘-ch’, ‘-x’, form their plurals by adding ‘-es’ to them:

Bus – Buses

Bench – Benches

Class – Classes

Fox – Foxes

Bush – Bushes Nouns ending in ‘-f’ and ‘-fe’ form their plurals by changing ‘-f’ and ‘-fe’ into ‘-v’ and adding an ‘-es’ to them:

Wife – Wives

Calf – Calves

Wolf – Wolves

Knife – Knives However, there are a few exceptions like Chief – Chiefs and Dwarf – Dwarfs. Some nouns form their plural by changing the vowels:

Mouse – Mice

Man – Men

Foot – Feet

Goose – Geese Some nouns form plurals by adding ‘-en’ to them:

Child – Children

Ox – Oxen Some nouns have same singular and plural forms:

Deer – Deer

Sheep – Sheep Plural forms of compound nouns are derived by adding ‘-s’ or ‘-es’ to the key word:

Maid-Servant – Maid-Servants Plurals of letters, figures, signs, symbols, and abbreviations are made by adding an ‘-s’ to them:

MBA – MBAs

MLA – MLAs Nouns ending in ‘-y’ form their plurals in two ways; by adding only an ‘-s’ in case the word ending in ‘-y’ has a vowel before ‘-y’:

Boy – Boys

Donkey – Donkeys Or, by dropping the word ‘-y’ and adding ‘-ies’ where ‘-y’ is preceded by a consonant:

Army – Armies

Baby – Babies

Story – Stories

Jealousy - Jealousies




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